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19 March, 2020 11:29:43 AM

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Poverty is linked with unemployment

The unemployment problem is rising with the increasing trend of population year after year
MD. MUZIBUR RAHMAN
Poverty is linked with unemployment

Now-a-days, the researchers, economists and intellectuals talk and write about the trends and problems of unemployment in the country. The unemployment problem is an acute problem in a country where millions of youth are joining our labour force or expect to join after passing secondary, higher secondary, tertiary education either from general education or technical education. The unemployment problem is rising with the increasing trend of population year after year. The prospects of employment, we know, are limited though government is trying to facilitate various employment opportunities and are taking steps to create more employments/jobs in the country.
What is unemployment? Unemployment is defined by the Bureau of Labour Statistics as people who do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the past four weeks, and are currently available for work. ... The BLS does not count everyone who is jobless as unemployed. It excludes those who have not looked for work within the past four weeks.
When a man cannot work or is not employed in work or any production activities, then he/she cannot produce or earn anything and become poor, unable to meet his/her basic necessities and suffers from absolute poverty. This poverty is linked with unemployment or underemployment.

Now, what is poverty? By definition, poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials for a minimum standard of living. Poverty means that the income level from employment is so low that basic human needs can't be met.

Many social problems may create from unemployment and poverty. Past governments had tried and focused to create more employment platforms and employment opportunities in the country and present government is also trying to eradicate poverty from the society creating jobs facilities and opportunities. Bangladesh is also trying to come out from absolute poverty for decade and successfully has reduced its poverty rate by taking a long term perspective plan to be implemented by two consecutive Five Year Plans, the 6th and the 7th.

After effective implementation of the 6th Five Year Plan, now the government is implementing the 7th Five Year Plan (2016-2020) to attain the targets of the vision 2021. The key theme of the 7th Five Year Plan is ‘accelerating growth, empowering citizens’ through ensuring equitable income. Government has stressed rural development so that the people of the remote areas of the country do not lag behind. It (rural development) will help to reduce income inequalities between the urban and rural people, extension of utilities and amenities will improve their lives and livelihood. It will assist to reduce extreme poverty in a large scale.

According to latest statistics, where the rate of poverty (head count poverty) was 40 in 2006, it was 31.5 in 2009, 21.8 in 2018 and 20.5 in 2019. It is mentionable here that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDSs) are a bold, universal agreement to end poverty in all its dimensions and craft an equal, just and secure world for people, for prosperity and for the planet by 2030. SDS’s goal-1 dictates no poverty i.e. end poverty in all its forms everywhere. Bangladesh has successfully completed MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) and is implementing SDSs (Sustainable Development Goals) and is trying to reach its all development goals including of ending poverty.

For this reason, Bangladesh has made investment-friendly policies by opening up opportunities for private sector growths, incentives for domestic and outside investment, making small, medium and mega-infrastructures which will induce production and income in near future.

For examples, steps have been taken for more science, technical and vocational education, for efficiency and extension of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) by making strong ICT infrastructures, export-import facilities and simplifications of export-import laws, blue economy exploration and extraction (extraction income from water economy), expanding social security and safety-net programmes, incentives for expatriate’s remittances utilization, undertaking delta plans and its implementation, etc.

All the steps have been taken for creating employment opportunities and income so that poverty rate comes down to zero level.

If rural development programmes are implemented successfully, there will be a huge opportunity to create rural employments. For this reason, steps can be taken to build a strong base of agro-based farming like dairy farm, animal husbandry, poultry, fisheries, cooperative farming, gardening, vegetable farming, cereal crops production and management etc. ICT infrastructures and its facilities can be broadening up to Union/village level for more integration of rural people in the ICT related jobs and activities. If we are able to create more employment opportunities in the rural areas, it will be possible to eradicate absolute poverty from the country.

The writer is a contributor.

E-mail: muzibur64@gmail.com

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Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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