Bangladesh is a populous country. Bangladesh ranks seventh in the world in terms of population.
According to the Department of Youth Development, about one third of this population or 53 million is the youth population. According to the National Youth Policy, the population aged 18-35 in Bangladesh is referred to as youth. There is a saying "adults write history but youth make history". Truly, the youth of the world have been playing a pioneering role in the creation of something new since time immemorial. Youth is the key to socio-economic development of the country. The more active the youth of a country, the stronger they are in the world economy. There is no alternative to involving the youth in mainstream development to keep the wheel of the economy moving and to stay ahead in the race for development. But, can the youth of our country be involved in mainstream development? Are they able to play a significant role in economic development? I think almost everyone's answer would be "no".
So why can't they take themselves forward? The simple answer to this question is "unemployment" which has now assumed horrible proportions. As soon as a university student finishes his graduation, the graduate become so frustrated. Unemployment is destroying the youth's unbridled energy and potential. As a result, young people are being excluded from participating in mainstream development. According to Statista.com, the unemployment rate in Bangladesh in 2019 was 4.19%. According to the 2019 data of the Ministry of Labor and Employment, the total number of unemployed in Bangladesh is 26 lakh 8 thousand. In fact, the unemployment rate is much higher than the given statistics. So it is understood that they are highly educated but have not been able to enter the job market due to lack of proper skills.
The main causes of unemployment
Fragile education system: Having a theoretical education as well as a hands-on education system is essential for producing quality graduates. It is sad but true that most of the graduates in Bangladesh have no or little education beyond theoretical education. They have usually gone through academic life by memorizing books as a result they have become completely separate from career oriented education and necessary skills for bight future.
As a result of our fragile education system, we are getting disgraced graduates who are unemployed without getting jobs, instead of contributing to economic prosperity.
Lack of skill development programme: The youth of our country are always told to "get good results" but they are never told to do good research and participate in skill development work. As a result, young people are not able to express their creativity. That’s why skill development is not possible from a very young age. Only by transforming these ordinary youth into human resources can accelerate the overall development of the country.
Improper technical and vocational education: Providing technical and vocational education to enhance the career-oriented skills of the youth is a popular idea worldwide. But in most cases, technical and vocational education in Bangladesh is going on in name only. Most technical colleges do not have a hands-on learning system. So how can a technical student be proficient? In addition, many technical and vocational schools and colleges have very poor laboratory facilities which are not suitable for teaching hand-to-hand work. In many cases the lack of skilled teachers is a major obstacle to providing proper education.
Lack of skilled teachers: There is a proverb in our country that "as the father is the son". Yes, that's right, if the teacher himself is incompetent then how can he make the students proficient. The education of the children of our country started from primary school. But it is very sad but true that the quality of teachers in these primary schools is very damnable. However, there are many teachers who are really working tirelessly to create skilled human resources. Now the point is that if the foundation given during the construction of a building is worthless, then you can understand the value of that building. Similarly, if our entire education system is compared to a building, then our primary school is the foundation of that building. So if the foundation is made with an unskilled teacher, then the building will collapse. On the other hand, dishonest teachers are being recruited in the universities as a result of which the entire education system is now on the verge of destruction.
Poverty: Most of our students are from marginalized families. Most of them are in a state of flux to bring the day. As a result, they cannot receive proper education and training even if they want to. So he fell behind in the job market and spent his days as an unemployed person.
Ways to overcome the problem of unemployment
The 21st century is the age of information technology and globalization where technology skills are the biggest tool for gaining employment. Technology has touched every aspect of our lives. Now it is the time to increase technology skills in eliminating unemployment. There are some more ways to eliminate unemployment-
• The introduction of action and life oriented education system is the demand of the time now. In the 21st century, the curriculum of the ancient period has to be changed to suit the needs of the job market. So that the students can take action oriented education from the beginning and prepare themselves accordingly. Then unemployment will go away easily.
• It is important to introduce sustainable education system where quality graduates will be created who can compete equally both in the country and in the world. And feet to seize the various job. Special emphasis should be laid on enhancing the skills of the youth. The most important skills of the present time are - IT skills, problem solving skills, innovation skills, communication skills, interpersonal skills, media awareness building, information awareness building, adaptation skills, entrepreneurship, social behavior skills, leadership. Enhancing these skills requires working with a variety of clubs, social and voluntary organizations from university life. Information technology knowledge can also be enhanced through proper use of the Internet. Writing, debating and participating in quiz competitions play a special role in the intellectual development of the people. So it is important to be multi-faceted and not just concentric so that the brain can develop fully, which is very valuable in the job market.
• Technical and vocational education system needs to be modernized to transform into actual vocational education.
After all, the job market is shrinking over time. The coronavirus pandemic is exacerbating this contraction and it will be even more difficult to enter the job market in the days ahead. "The number of highly educated unemployed in the country is about to double," said a report in a daily newspaper. Therefore, it is safe to assume that if you do not have the right skills to get the job, you are more likely to drop out of the job relay race. Therefore, young people should pay special attention to academic education as well as skills development. Let’s use the indomitable power skilled human resource to achieve SDGs.
The writer is a graduate student, Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of Biological Science Islamic University, Bangladesh. Email: [email protected]