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Bangladeshi peacekeepers in Mali

A 13-member goodwill delegation visited Mali to see the administrative and operational activities of Bangladeshi peacekeepers
Noor Islam Habib
Bangladeshi peacekeepers in Mali
Bangladeshi peacekeepers patrolling the Niger river, Mali

Bangladesh deployed peacekeepers in Mali first on April 2014 following the official request from United Nations. A total of 1722 peacekeepers are working in Mali under United Nations Multi-dimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). Bangladeshi peacekeepers include: Army 1310, Navy 133, Air Force 123, Police 140 and Staff Officer 16 (2015). Ten countries including Bangladesh, USA, France, China, Netherlands, Niger, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Chad and Burkina Faso sent their troops to Mali.

A 13-member goodwill delegation led by Major General Md. Salahuddin Miaji visited Mali from 6 May to 12 May 2015 to see the administrative and operational activities of Bangladeshi peacekeepers. Other members of the delegation included  Lt Colonel Md Zakir Hossain Bhuyan, Lt Colonel Md Motahar Hossain, Lt Colonel Md Jahedur Rahman, Major Mohammad Firoj Ahmed, Major Muntasir Rahman Chowdhury, Joint Secretary Kazi Mahboob Hasan, Joint Secretary Shafiqual Ahmed, myself Md. Noor Islam (Habib) and Sergeant Manirul Islam. We reached Bamako, Mali’s capital, in the early hours of May 6 and were received by Member of Malian Parliament and Chairman of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Finance Mamadou Nfa Simpara.

In January 2012, an armed conflict broke out in Northern Mali between Tuareg rebels and the military. In April, Tuareg rebels declared secession of new state, Azawad. They captured most of the Northern Mali and established control over there. In response to the Malian government request, the French military launched an operation against Tuareg and Islamist rebels in January 2013. A month later, Malian and French forces recaptured most of the North. The president election was held on July 2013 and legislative election was held on 24 November and 15 December on the same year. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita and Modibo Keita were elected President and Prime Minister respectively.

In the morning of the day of our arrival in Mali, we went to Lamiti Hotel what is presently used as Forces Headquarters of MINUSMA. Here we met Forces Commander Major General Miceal Lollesgard (Denmark). The goodwill delegation also called on Mongi Hamdi, Under Secretary General of UN and Special Representative of UN Secretary General in Mali. Later we called on Chief of Staff Brigadier General Cristian Thewvolt. They all lauded the role of Bangladeshi Peacekeepers in MINUSMA. They appreciated discipline, sincerity, courage and professionalism of Bangladeshi soldiers.

On 7 May we traveled to Gao and Kidal which are strategically most important cities of Mali. Kidal is 1600 km and Gao is 1300 km away from Bamako. 3400 peacekeepers of nine countries are deployed in Gao sector. A 133-member Bangladesh Naval contingent is working here since April 2014. They are providing security of 900 km long riverine route of the Niger flowing through Mali. Before they take over the water transportation was banned due to security threat. After taking over the responsibility they ensured the security of that water route and commercial and other water transportation resumed. Bangladesh Navy also deployed BNS Darshak and six speedboats in Mali (2015).

A 100-member Signal contingent of Bangladesh Army has been deployed in Gao. They are installing telecommunication network between Sector East, Sector North and Sector Headquarters. Their main responsibility is installation, operation and maintenance of communication system. They are also providing IT training to the officials and personnel of the Gao city. BANBAT—2 is also deployed in Gao city.

Kidal is a part of great Sahara Desert. Some time its temperature reaches up to 50 degree Celsius. A 140-member BANENGR (Bangladesh Engineer) contingent is deployed here. They are discharging their duties within adverse weather condition and threat from rebel group of far beyond the hills. They are also facing scarcity of water. They get only 10 litre of water per person a day. Sending of rations and logistics to Kidal is very difficult because most of the roads towards Kidal are sandy and rocky terrains. BANENGR members are providing security of bunker, supplying water, constructing roads and patrolling the streets.

Bangladesh Air Force has deployed a 123-member BANAIR contingent at Kidal, Mali. BANAIR contingent is providing required operational support for air traffic control and airfield management both in Kidal Airfield and UN camp. BAF peacekeepers have already imprinted a positive impression on overall air operation management in the air field and camp helipad area.

Once an armed clash broke out between two factions of Arab Movement of Azawad at Lerneb, 80 km out of their area of operations, Diabaly. The nearest Burkina Faso Battalion was tasked to position themselves in between both the groups and ensure a negotiated truce is not violated. Unfortunately, the Burkina patrol did not comply and so BANBAT was tasked directly by Forces Headquarters to go and take over the responsibility. Bangladesh patrol proved extremely successful in working as a buffer force between the two warring factions by getting inside the Lerneb. Ultimately through patience and outreach activities, the patrol could reduce tension and make peaceful solution. A BANBAT patrol was assigned to collect information on the movement and intention of pro and anti-Azawad groups at a place called Tabankort. During their stay a full blown clash broke out between the parties. The patrol leadership tried to defuse the situation by going from one group to others and negotiated. At one instance they were fired upon but they were not deterred. The BANBAT kept position between fighting groups. The operation lasted for 78 days and entire episode demonstrated the courage and determination of BANBAT members.

On 27 January 2015, widespread protest were organized by anti Azawad groups in Gao that targeted MINUSMA installations. The protest quickly turned violent by pelting stones and molotove cocktails and attempting to break MINUSMA security perimeters. BANBAT dealt with the situation by using alternatives to physical force. The soldiers displayed extreme patience and did not react to any provocation while leadership chose negotiation and no-lethal means. As a result, the unrest was successfully handled without any damage or loss of life and property.

On 10 March 2015 a BANBAT escort protecting 34 civilian logistic vehicles during a night halt was attacked by approximately 20/25 miscreants. They used automatic fire, mortars and IEDs to cause damage to the vehicles. The patrol fought back effectively by readjusting their defence and applying direct and indirect fire on the attackers. At one stage five attackers were seen crawling towards the camp location and the patrol fired forcing them to back. Thus BANBAT saved the civilian vehicles as well as accompanying civilians.

For their outstanding performance and efficiency BANBAT was selected for Premium Award by UN. For the first time ever in UN peacekeeping history only the Bangladesh received this prestigious award. All the 850 BANBAT members are getting this award.

Bangladeshi peacekeepers earned appreciations for extending helping hands to other peacekeepers also. We talked to Colonel Hamdi L Gamal of Egyptian Army in Bamako peacekeepers camp. He appreciated Bangladeshi peacekeepers for helping them when they arrived at Bamako. Specially he mentioned the name of Major SM Habib Ibne Jahan for his kind cooperation.

Bangladeshi peacekeepers are also providing medical treatment and medicines to other country’s peacekeepers as well as local civilians. It is surprising that overseas peacekeepers come to Bangladesh camp and receive medical treatment. Major Mizanoor Rahman of Bangladesh Army said, “We provide medical treatment to other country’s peacekeepers and civilians also. Besides, we provide treatment anybody who comes to us with emergency condition.”

Major Julsrab of Norway Army said, “Bangladeshi doctors are very much sincere, professional and trustworthy.”

The writer is Assistant Director, ISPR.

E-mail:  nihabib@gmail.co

 

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Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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