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1 April, 2021 05:38:28 PM

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Youths should be turned into skilled manpower

Almost 49% population of Bangladesh is among the age of 24 or less. These 49% population is the future of the nation. By aiming the fourth Industrial Revolution and to make Bangladesh developed country, it is high time these youths should be turned into skilled manpower.
Md Ishtiak Hossain
Youths should be turned into skilled manpower

Bangladesh wants to achieve the goal of developed country within 2041. According to World Population Review, a developed country is a sovereign state with a developed economy and technologically advanced infrastructure compared to other nations.

Several factors are seen before considering a nation developed. They are Human Development Index, political stability, GDP, industrialization and freedom. Reviewing these factors it suggests that it is possible to bring rapid development of the nation through industrialization and human development by utilizing the young population of Bangladesh. Right now Bangladesh is passing through the phase of demographic dividend that emerged in 2007. According to UNFPA the economic growth potential that can result from shifts to a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older). In other words, it is a boost in economic productivity that occurs when there are growing numbers of people in the workforce relative to the number of dependent. At present more than 65% population of Bangladesh are working age. Almost 49% population of Bangladesh is among the age of 24 or less. These 49% population is the future of the nation. By aiming the fourth Industrial Revolution and to make Bangladesh developed country, it is high time these youths should be turned into skilled manpower. To turn them into skilled manpower the government should provide them with quality education and training. Also at the same time important job sector should be created for them.
First, the government has to improve quality of education in every educational institutions of the nation. According to the data of Global Knowledge Index (GKI) 2020, Bangladesh ranks 117th among the 138 countries of the world. According to this ranking among the 8 countries of South Asia Bangladesh ranks last. Moreover, according to university rankings done by different international organisations at different times the position of universities of Bangladesh is not also reputable among other universities of the world. Compared to ours, universities of neighbouring countries are doing very well. So, it suggests that the quality of education in Bangladesh needs improvement badly.

With quality education these youths needs necessary job sectors. According to data from national employment policy 2020 (Draft) around 26 lakh people joins in the job market of Bangladesh every year. The majority of this working population is unemployed due to lack of jobs. According to data from the European Intelligence Unit (EIU) 2016, 47 out of every 100 degree holders in Bangladesh are unemployed. Most of the students in Bangladesh now dreams of government job. compared to other jobs, the government service has diverse chances, benefits and security. For this reason, students start preparation for government job exams by memorizing the market guide books from the very first year, without giving importance to the subject-based reading of their respective departments in higher education. Moreover, there is not enough subject based job sectors in Bangladesh. That is another reason for disinterestedness in subject based reading. Because of rat race behind guide books to qualify in government jobs, an ignorant generation is being created, who are ineffective to tackle future challenges. So, besides improving education system, necessary jobs should be created for these youths at the same time or else these talents will be lost. In addition, to turn these youths into skilled manpower and generate new jobs for them, there also lie many other different challenges for Bangladesh ahead. Right now Bangladesh has a burden of millions of Rohingya refugees. Bangladesh has to safely repatriate them to Myanmar and it's a great diplomatic challenge for Bangladesh. If the Rohingya refugees are not repatriated to Myanmar soon, in future the situation can become bigger headache for the nation. Moreover, recently data from Climate Index 2020 suggest that Bangladesh will be the 7th most effected nation due to climate changes. Because of climate change, in future millions of people in Bangladesh would be displaced.


Population is one of the most important factors among the elements of a nation. If a nation knows how to use its population precisely, it can reach the peak of development very rapidly. If we notice at the developed countries of the world we can surely understand that. The majority working age population of Bangladesh is also a very significant resource for the nation. These 49% youths are a blessing for the nation. It is high time the government should focus on their development. As I said earlier quality of education must be improved and at the same time new jobs should be created for them. Technical education should be given Importance. Foreign investment should be attracted. Entrepreneurs should be helped by the government. The youths should be given proper education and training so that they can be used for the development of the nation or else these youths will become burden for the nation one day.  

The writer is a student of department of international relations, University of Rajshahi.

 

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Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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