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4 May, 2021 07:54:42 PM

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Withdrawal of US troops and the future of Afghanistan

Talibans want absolute power. But the others conflicting parties will never agree on with Taliban's absolute power. On the other hand, the Taliban fighters will also not hesitate to wage another protracted war for absolute power.
Md Ishtiak Hossain
Withdrawal of US troops and the future of Afghanistan

Recently the US president Joe Biden has called for withdrawal of all US troops from Afghanistan by September 11 this year. Earlier, former US President Donald Trump called for this withdrawal by May this year.

Present president Joe Biden extended the date by September. By extending the date he basically gave some more time so that the conflicting parties in Afghanistan can negotiate among themselves for peace. It can easily be assumed that the USA is tired of fighting with the Taliban for the last 20 years and now wants to give up. They do not want to carry the burden of this war anymore.

Though the common Muslims in Middle East and Asia are welcoming this decision but the experts in west are thoughtful of the decision. They fear that in the absence of US troops and NATO, there will be a resurgence of terrorism. Moreover, the worst matter of concern is that the conflicting parties have yet not reached in any kind of agreement among themselves. So, the experts are assuming that civil war will break out and with that terrorism will also rise anew in Afghanistan. 

Currently there are collectively 12000 US and NATO servicemen in Afghanistan. Among them 2500 are from USA. The British also have 750 soldiers in Afghanistan whom they will also withdraw following the US lead. NATO has also stated that they will follow President Biden’s step. In the war with the Taliban it cost USA around 2 trillion dollar. Moreover, they have lost 2000 of their service members in the war. In 2011 after the withdrawal of US troops the IS rapidly took over in Iraq and Syria.

There is a big chance that the same thing can also occur in Afghanistan. If this truly happens, in that case the Talibans and the IS will meet each other in combats for power struggle. Moreover, there are also other armed minority communities in Afghanistan who also seek power. They are Hazaras, Tajiks and Uzbekis. Among them Hazaras are specially notable. Hazaras are Shia Muslims. On the other hand, the Talibans are Sunni Muslims. The IS terrorists and the Taliban fighters see these hazaras as their common enemy.

There are more than 3 million hazaras in Afghanistan. The enmity between Talibans and Hazaras reached peak in 1997. At that time the Talibans tried to took over Mazar-i-Sharif from the Hazaras in a battle. 600 Taliban fighters were killed in that battle. The Talibans came back next year with double power and took over Mazar-i-Sharif. After that the Talibans led two days of genocide as revenge in which according to UN, around 6000 Hazaras were killed. This explains relationship between Talibans and the Hazaras. Moreover, there is question on what will happen to the government soldiers after the cancelation of current government.

Reviewing the situations in Afghanistan it is clear that Talibans want absolute power. But the others conflicting parties will never agree on with Taliban's absolute power. On the other hand, the Taliban fighters will also not hesitate to wage another protracted war for absolute power. The war among these conflicting parties will continue as long as there is only one power left to rule. So, it is clear that Afghanistan is on the verge of another protracted civil war if any agreement is not reached among the conflicting groups.

He writer is student, department of International Relations (IR), University of Rajshahi. E-mai: [email protected]   

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Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
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Editor : M. Shamsur Rahman
Published by the Editor on behalf of Independent Publications Limited at Media Printers, 446/H, Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1215.
Editorial, News & Commercial Offices : Beximco Media Complex, 149-150 Tejgaon I/A, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh. GPO Box No. 934, Dhaka-1000.

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